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Visiting Xiacaiyuanzi in search for historical memories - our memorial went to Xinqiu District to search for the site of the “Xiacaiyuanzi Rebellion” and the site of the labourers’ rooms.

Number of visits: Date:2016-9-27

On August 25, 1942, 300 special labourers from Shijiazhuang Penitentiary were escorted to Fuxin by the Japanese soldiers, and were imprisoned at Xiacaiyuanzi. Led by Captain Liu Gui, 300 special labourers at the Xiacaiyuanzi mine started a rebellion which shocked the Manchoukuo, and greatly encouraged the morale of Chinese labourers.

On September 27, according to the clues provided by Comrade Xu Ning from the Culture Enforcement Team of the Xinqiu District, and guided by the director of the community, nine people came to the Xinqiu District, looking for the site of Xiacaiyuanzi.  

Under the guidance of the relevant personnel, and on the basis of the original image data, we identified the range of the original site of Xiacaiyuanzi, and photographed and videotaped the surrounding area. Using GPS positioning, they determined the geographical coordinates of the site, to ensure that its location will not become unidentifiable due to urban construction and transformation.

After that, guided by the staff of the community, our staff interviewed an old resident at the district, Gao Jiuxiang. According to Gao Jiuxiang, her father and mother in-laws lived at “Xiacaiyuanzi” (south of Xinqiu West Primary School), and she came here in around 1980. All she knew about this area was heard from her mother in law. Gao Jiuxiang told us that because there were a lot of miners in that area who ate a large quantity of vegetables. Thus, this placed was named “Xiacaiyuanzi” (a place where a large quantity of vegetables were consumed). In addition, according to the old lady, the old canteen of the former Xinqiu coal mine was located inside the yard of the current mining company, while the present small railway station and the hospital in the west used to be the labourer’s rooms, and the former store in the west has become a market.

The past, if not forgotten, can serve as a guide for the future. History has never been forgotten, and we will never stop the pace of exploration. Even if the people there have changed, the affection remains. We appreciate it if you can provide the information on the relevant cultural relics during the Japanese’s occupation of Fuxin. Let us jointly guard the memories of history.

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